Myocardial Perfusion Imaging with Adenosine


Myocardial Perfusion Imaging with Adenosine, Stress Imaging with Adenosine, Pharmacologic Stress Test with Adenosine, Adenosine Nuclear Test, Adenosine Cardiolite, Pharmacologic Stress Test with Regadenoson, Lexiscan Cardiolite

  • Definition
  1. Myocardial Perfusion Imaging using Adenosine (or Regadenoson/Lexiscan)
  • Approach
  1. Hold nitrates (Nitroglycerin) on day of the test
  2. Hold methylzanthines 24 hours before test
    1. Theodur
    2. Aminophylline
    3. Dipyridamole
  • Preparations
  1. Adenosine or
  2. Regadenoson (Lexiscan)
    1. Longer half life than Adenosine
    2. Can be adminstered as bolus instead of continuous infusion
  • Advantages
  1. Short duration of Adenosine action (<3 seconds)
  2. Vasodilator increases coronary flow 5x
  3. More sensitive than Dobutamine (but less specific)
  4. ST Depression specific for serious disease
    1. Left main Coronary Artery Disease
    2. Three-vessel Coronary Artery Disease
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  1. Asthma
  2. Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  3. Concurrent medication use
    1. Dipyridamole
    2. Aggrenox
    3. Theophylline
    4. Caffeine prior to test (e.g. Coffee, Chocolate)