Rotator Cuff Calcification


Rotator Cuff Calcification, Calcific Tendonitis of Rotator Cuff, Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinitis

  • Pathophysiology
  1. Degenerative changes at rupture site (Supraspinatus)
  2. Calcification enlarges to irritate overlying bursa
  3. Results in impingement under coracoacromial arch
  • Symptoms
  1. Similar to strains and Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
  2. Night pain
    1. Unable to sleep on Shoulder
  • Signs
  1. Marked decreased range of motion
  2. Tenderness to palpation over bursa or calcific deposit
    1. Internal or external rotation
    2. Transaxillary
  2. Findings
    1. Calcium deposition
  • Management
  1. Subacromial Corticosteroid Injection
  2. Moist warm packs
  3. Diathermy or local Ultrasound
  4. Arm in sling for acute pain
  5. Shoulder Range of Motion Exercises
  6. Surgical excision of calcific deposits
    1. Reserved for resistant cases
  7. High energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT)
    1. Gerdesmeyer (2003) JAMA 290:2573-80 [PubMed]
  • Management
  • Aspiration or needling of calcific deposits
  1. Precautions
    1. Procedure should be performed by experienced clinician
  2. Indications
    1. May be effective if deposit is soft, fluffy, or irregular
  3. Technique
    1. Draw Lidocaine into syringe with 18 gauge needle
    2. Inject and aspirate multiple areas at deposits
      1. Repeat until all accessible material withdrawn
    3. Consider 2 needle approach
      1. First needle injects
      2. Second needle aspirates
    4. Complete procedure with local Corticosteroid
      1. Inject Corticosteroid at subacromial bursa