Vector Borne Disease


Vector Borne Disease, Vector-Borne Infection, Mosquito-Borne Disease, Mosquito-Borne Illness, Mosquito Borne Infection

  • Epidemiology
  1. Vector Borne Disease causes 17% of worldwide infections (in 2016)
  • Precautions
  1. See Fever in the Returning Traveler
  2. See Fever of Unknown Origin
  3. Consider vector borne illness in those with fever or flu-like illness in late spring and summer
  4. Consider travel history and potential exposures to endemic vectors (e.g. deer Tick Bites)
  • Transmission
  • Worldwide Vector Borne illnesses
  1. Malaria
  2. Schistosomiasis
  3. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
    1. Dengue (most common vector-borne virus worldwide)
    2. Lassa Fever
  4. Typhus
  5. Rickettsial
  6. Rift Valley Fever
  7. Trypanosomiasis
    1. African: Sleeping sickness (Tsetse flies)
    2. American: Chagas Disease (Reduviid bugs)
  8. Yellow Fever
  9. Zika Virus