Periodontal Disease


Periodontal Disease, Gingival Disorder

  • Pathophysiology
  1. Bacteria and other pathogens infect subgingival dental Plaque
  2. Pathogens invade and inflame Gingival epithelium
  • Risk Factors
  • Types
  1. Gingivitis
    1. Inflammation of gums (swelling, erythema) that bleed more easily
    2. Periodontal Disease typically starts with Gingivitis
  2. Periodontitis
    1. Inflammation spreads to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
  3. Pericoronitis
    1. Localized infection within Gingival flap as tooth erupts (e.g. impacted wisdom tooth)
  • Prevention