Scapholunate Dislocation


Scapholunate Dislocation, Scapholunate Dissociation, Scapholunate Ligament Rupture, Scapholunate Tear, Complete Scapholunate Ligament Rupture, Scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC Wrist

  • Mechanism
  1. Fall on Outstretched Hand
  2. Scapholunate interosseous ligament is disrupted resulting in instability
  • Symptoms
  1. Radial aspect Wrist Pain, worse with gripping
  • Imaging
  1. Wrist XRay
    1. Scaphoid Bone and Lunate Bones separated 3 mm or more (aka Terry Thomas Sign, David Letterman Sign)
  2. Clenched-Fist View
    1. Accentuates widening between the Scaphoid Bone and the Lunate Bone
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Associated Conditions
  • Management
  1. Immobilization in short arm volar splint
  2. Refer to orthopedics or orthopedic hand specialist
  3. Surgical repair
    1. Indicated for static dissociations
    2. Dynamic dissociations may be treated with 2-6 weeks of Forearm cast
  • Complications
  1. Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC Wrist)
  • References
  1. Eiff (2018) Fracture Management, Elsevier, Philadelphia, p. 99-101
  2. Swadron and Mallon in Herbert (2018) EM:Rap 18(12): 3-4